Plastic, reconstructive, and cosmetic surgery refers to a variety of operations performed in order to repair or restore body parts to look normal, or to change a body part to look better.
These types of surgery are highly specialised. They are characterised by careful preparation of a person’s skin and tissues, by precise cutting and suturing techniques, and by care taken to minimise scarring. Recent advances in the development of miniaturised instruments, new materials for artificial limbs and body parts, and improved surgical techniques have expanded the range of plastic surgery procedures that can be performed.
Last reviewed: 23 January 2024